What are the Differences Between a Nephrologist or A Urologist?

Published On December 1, 2021 | By Clare Louise | Health

When should you consult a urologist or nephrologist if you are experiencing kidney problems? It’s a little puzzling that both doctors deal with renal disorders. The answer is: It depends on the circumstances.

Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine that focuses on kidney function disorders. Urology, the specialty of urologists, includes the urethra, bladder, and kidneys. Urologists treat the kidneys exclusively for a limited number of illnesses. They can do surgery, remove cancerous cells, and remove kidney stones.

Nephrologists are physicians who specialize in the treatment of kidney disease. The kidneys can be harmed by hypertension, fluid retention, electrolyte imbalance, lupus, and other autoimmune diseases.

Let’s have a detailed look at both of the specialties:


It is the job of a nephrologist to diagnose and treat problems with the urinary system. They can assist in diagnosing various kidney issues, including kidney infection, renal disease, kidney stones, and others.

Additionally, they work with hypertensive patients or those with high blood pressure. Because your kidneys are in charge of purifying your blood, high blood pressure can significantly influence them. Because of this, your blood pressure may be adversely affected.

Your current diet, wellness practices, family history, and more are all taken into consideration by nephrologists during the process of obtaining blood or urine samples. After that, they figure out what’s causing your issues and how to fix them.

A nephrologist can do dialysis if you are suffering from renal failure. This procedure involves removing your blood, passing it through a filtering machine, and reinjecting it into your body. Often, this is done by altering one’s diet and lifestyle.


This doctor specializes in the urinary tract as well as male reproductive organs such as the penis. Because the urinary tract contains the kidneys, there is some overlap between nephrologists and urologists.

Urologists, on the other hand, treat a broad spectrum of illnesses, not simply kidney disease. These drugs can help if you have bladder/urinary difficulties, erectile dysfunction, or a urinary tract infection (UTI). Vasectomy services are also provided.

One of the primary distinctions between urologists and nephrologists is that urologists can perform surgery. In the case of kidney stones, this provides patients with more therapeutic options.

Which One Do I Choose?

You may be unable to choose between nephrologists and urologists. Urologists are concerned with bladder, penis, testicular, urinary tract, and male reproductive system issues, whereas nephrologists are concerned with the kidneys. This is simple to understand.

However, because the kidney, bladder, and urine systems are all interrelated, choosing one over the other is impossible. You should see a nephrologist if you have any problems with your kidneys or renal function. This is an easy rule to remember. Doctors have the requisite information, training, and experience to diagnose and treat common and complex kidney disorders.

The kidneys cause many bladders and urinary tract issues. A nephrologist is the best choice for treating kidney-related disorders. If you need to see a urologist in addition to a nephrologist for therapy, your nephrologist will work with them.

Book an appointment now, to answer all your queries. You can book an appointment with the Best Nephrologists in Karachi through Marham by calling at Marham helpline: 0311-1222398 or by online booking facility through the website or Marham mobile app.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)

1- What is the difference between nephrology and urology?

The difference between a nephrologist and a urologist can be unclear. It’s self-explanatory that urologists specialize in bladder, urethra, testicle, urinary tract, and male reproductive system problems, whereas nephrologists specialize in kidney problems.

2- Why would you require the services of a nephrologist?

It is frequently associated with hypertension or elevated blood pressure. Nephrologists are medical experts who diagnose, treat, and manage kidney disorders and diseases in acute and chronic stages. Additionally, they treat related conditions such as hypertension, fluid retention, and electrolyte and mineral imbalances.

3- Are nephrologists capable of removing kidney stones?

While nephrologists are capable of managing small kidney stones that pass through the urinary tract and prescribing medications to help prevent stones, most patients benefit from the surgical expertise of a urologist, mainly when dealing with recurrent or large, complex kidney stones.

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